All posts by Roulette_User

For the Love of Australian Pokies

One of the most popular and exciting experiences to take part in for many who live in Australia are the pokies and this is proved by millions of people playing the pokies each and every day. What is interesting is that many do not realise how the pokie came to be. In 1885 the very first slot machine was created by Charles Fey. The Liberty Bell was the first variation of the modern mechanical machine that we know today, and it was originally called either a fruit machine or a one armed bandit (for obvious reasons.)

Charles Fey (1862-1944) was a car mechanic who originated from San Francisco and the Liberty Bell’s massive popularity set the mark for the modern pokie, in fact its three reel model is still used today despite the advances made in pokie technology and within the online industry. The original Liberty Bell pokie machine is on display at the Liberty Belle saloon in Reno, Nevada.

The popularity of this first pokie machine led to Charles Fey forming a factory in 1896 and it is thanks to him that the gambling world was changed forever.

Within Australia the first online pokies came in the early 1900’s, but it was not until the 1950’s that Aristocrat created the very first pokie machine in Australia called ‘The Clubman.’

All of these events lead to today, a time where online pokes are played in all of their exciting variations throughout the world 24 hours of the day. Players have dreams of hitting a big win (especially when playing those great progressive games,) whilst others simply want to play for the fun of it. Within Australia the average payout on the pokes is around 91% and it is also very interesting to note that in Australia there is a law which requires the machines to payout a minimum of 87%.

Yet over the past decades there has been some amount of frustration within the pokie community as some insist that these games are actually rigged making a win virtually impossible. This is not true as the payout percentage, or even how much it pays out, and the jackpot frequencies cannot be altered by any casino, or by any other establishment that has the pokies. In land based machines the only way this could be done would be to order a new chip from the manufacturer of the machine and of course there are forms that have to be filled out and any changes have to be approved by the governing body. Taking all this into consideration you soon begin to realise that any concerns you may have are completely unfounded.

Its always great to see a new pokie game on offer when you log into your favourite site, and some of the very best are similar to those bricks and mortar games (although in recent years the tables have turned somewhat with the online sites leading the way.) Most of the pokies online are however created just for that purpose, especially for the Internet, but there are still some great pokies that have stood the test of time and have crossed over from the land based casinos to the online sites. These games might behave a little differently, but most of the time you will find that the symbols are the same, which offers people that feeling of similarity.

Of course now with the advancement in technology and the expectations of those who play online we have some superbly sophisticated, modern games right beside the simplicity of the older pokie games, and it really doesn’t matter where technology takes us, we all enjoy that feeling of comfort, especially when we are trying out a new game. So whether you are a lover of the classic 3 reel pokie or one of those players that love the excitement and entertainment of the multi-reel progressive pokie game where life-changing cash jackpots can be won, the choice is yours!

The State of Gambling in China

In 2013 there were over 7,000 Chinese officials punished for gambling offences in the country’s attempt to crack down on illegal gambling. Apparently over 7,162 officials were punished for their involvement, (living in more than 30 cities and provinces throughout China.)

From all of these locations it was the Hejlang and Guangdong provinces that reported the most cases (1,575 and 1,127 cases respectively.) There as yet to be any details released on the type of punishments which were dealt out but there are some reports that suggest that officials were given anywhere from warning to administrative punishments.

Gambling in Taiwan is illegal and prohibited by the Criminal Code of the Republic of China with only State-run lotteries such as the Uniform Invoice Lottery being the only legal form of gambling on mainland Taiwan. There have been some constructions of casinos on various off-shore islands and this was legalised in 2009 (although as yet there have not been any built) and some gambling-style games like the card game Mahjong are allowed on special days or under restricted circumstances.

In recent year online gambling sites have become very popular with Taiwanese citizens who are looking for a form of gaming which is not offered in Taiwan and also one that offers better odds than the State-run lotteries. This turning away from the State lotteries has led to huge losses by the banks that run them, and by 2003 there were in excess of 2,000 online gaming sites available to those who live in Taiwan.

It was reported by the deputy commander for technology at the Criminal Investigation Division of Keelung city that ‘ The abundance of illegal gambling websites proved difficult to crack down upon due to their high mobility, let alone the legal websites, which have resulted in many social problems, as gamblers do not know whom to seek help from for their addictions.’

The Criminal Investigation Bureau announced in 2003 that is was referring 300 Taiwanese customer of the UK based online gaming site Sportingbet, for prosecution with the company maintaining its call that it had done nothing wrong and had not breached Taiwan’s’ law.

In January of last year (2013) Taiwanese authorities announced that they were in the process of investigating the transfer (alleged) of US180 million from Taiwanese gamblers to casinos in Macau by the Taiwan based branch of Melco Crown which is the joint venture of Hong Kong based MeInInternational and the Australian based Crown Limited. Crown Resorts Limited is one of Australia’s largest gaming and entertainment groups which enjoyed at June 2010 a market capitalisation of in excess of A$6 billion. In September 2013 the Sri Lankan government gave its permission to Packer to invest in a two tower building in the very heart of the Sri Lankan capital Colombo and the project is hoped to be completed by 2015.

In February of 2013 the Taiwan authorities revealed that they were investigating claim that some desperate gamblers, who look for any opportunity to place a bet, had actually formed a betting ring so that they could bet on the life expectancy of terminally ill cancer patients. Some reports also suggest that the families of poor patients had even agreed to take part because it allowed them to pay for a decent funeral when their relative died. In March 2013 a so called ‘mid-level’ prosecutor was indicted on unrelated corruption charges following the accusation that she was found to have covered up illegal gambling operations and had also pressured other prosecutors to stop their investigations of illegal gaming operations.

*The Criminal Investigation Bureau (CIB) is responsible for the investigation of high-profile crimes, forensics and computer related crimes.

Information sourced from www.calvinayre.com and en.wikipedia.org/

Is Your Online Freedom Threatened?

Well the creator of the Web (some 25 years ago) Tim Berners-Lee believes the problem is a serious one, stating that he thinks the Web is under siege by corporate and government interests which are actually threatened by its open nature.   The sad fact he said ‘was that older media who are threatened by the internet simply look the other way or even cheer on the erosion of peoples liberty whilst online.’

The problem appears to be that abuse of the open internet has become far too tempting for big companies and also governments, for if it turns out that a company can control the public access the can therefore also control which webistes can be accessed, and this leads to greater control over the general public lives as a whole. They can spy on what people are doing and learn a enormous ammount about an individual. It was also suggested that a Government could even block the opposition’s political web pages hence only providing a blinkered view of reality in order to keep themselves in power, and its all scary stuff once you begin to think about the consequences of such actions.

Tim Berners-Lee thinks that the situation has become so serious that he is actively campaigning for a Magna Carta type charter to protect the internet’s independence and its users privacy whilst online. Unfortunately there is obvious resistance from the lawyers who serve the big companies that know that if they can make a play to take control, then it is well worth a great deal of cash to do so, even to the point of tweaking certain laws to allow loopholes, which in turn will give them the power to abuse the general public; again the thought of this happening is indeed very scary stuff!

One aspect of the internet has been the emergence and growing popularity of gambling through cyberspace. Online gambling first emerged in 1995 but it is only relatively recently that the industry has grown substantially. It was as late as 1997 before the burgeoning into a large industry as up until then there were approxiamtely only fifteen gambling web sites offered to the general public.

When it comes to the topic of Internet Gambling, the terminology of the Internet being an Information Superhighway or a virtual post office does not really apply to gambling on the web. Unlike much of the activity on the Net where there is freedom of speech, gaming is not so, as there are very few expressive elements in playing, for example blackjack online. It is in this way that the Internet differs with respect to gambling in the sense, that it is not a format through which information is flowing but rather it is the infrastructure which is virtually transporting the casino to the general public’s home or even vice-versa.

It is because of this and the very fact that gambling implicate no constitutionally protected right (rather instead it falls into the category of vice) which could be and indeed has frequently been used and has caused the banning of online gambling altogether (Under United States Law)

Yet despite this power to ban, gambling survives and has also been allowed to exist in varying degrees throughout the history of the United States.

The continuing ease of Internet gambling has raised a great deal of concern from some states and federal governments as now the general public do not have to rely upon state sanctioned gaming such as the State Lottery, as now with the click of a button the general public can wager almost any amount of money from the comfort of their own homes, and of course this concern of government is also fulled by their loss of revenue.

To this end, it is also a crime to conspire to commit a crime, and the Federal Law enforcement officials have used the general Conspiracy statute to actually prosecute US citizens running offshore sports books in the Caribbean.

There is continuing debate and dealings going on within the US states about the regulation and licensing of online gambling and this appears to be one of those situations which will drag on for a long period before everyone is satisfied with their cut of the potential revenue, yet even as this carries on US citizens still find a way to place a bet if they wish to.

Information sourcd from https://cyber.law.harvard.edu/fallsem98/final_papers/Glassberg.html

Online Gambling Within Australia

Over 80% of Australian adults have gambled or gamble in some form or other and this percentage is actually the highest rate of gambling in the world.

In the year 2007/8 the states collected in the region of $3 billion for poker machines alone and in the region of $4.9 billion from all the forms of gambling which in all accounted for 9.1% of the total revenue collected. The New South Wales government receives about $1 billion from the pokie machines and another $1.6 billion from all forms of gambling.

The winnings of Gamblers within Australia are not taxed as gambling is not considered a profession, it is treated rather as a hobby or a recreational activity. The Australian government actually looks at any winnings a good luck and not as an income as even when someone wins big they usually lose again in other gambling sessions that they may take part in. Instead of taxing the individual who gambles the Australian government taxes the operators and they need to obtain a license to offer their services to the general public. There are also fees to be paid at this stage of any gambling business development.

Since the introduction of new gambling services which include online gambling, the Commonwealth takes an active role in the regulation of gambling and the Australian gambling industry is also regulated by State and Territory authorities.

What Controls Where

  • Australian Capital Territory -ACT Gambling and Racing Commission
  • New South Wales – New South Wales Office of Liquor, Gaming and Racing
  • Northern Territory – Licensing Commission
  • Queensland – Office of Liquor and Gaming Regulation
  • South Australia – Independent Gambling Authority
  • Tasmania – Tasmanian Gaming Commission
  • Victoria – Victorian Commission for Gambling and Liquor Regulation
  • Western Australia – Department of Racing, Gaming and Liquor

Above shows the total employment in the gambling industry in Australia, (in thousands of people) since 1984

Fairfield had the highest poker machine revenue in the state for 2013 and in all generated $298 million in the clubs and $93 million in pubs. This total figure of $123 million is greater than the combined total of profits that were generated from poker machines in the City of Sydney

Poker machines in the Hunter region enjoyed a turnover of $4.5 billion which is an increase of $500 million since 2010. Daily figures show a spending rate of $86282 each minute. Newcastle is Hunter Regions most profitable area with 3206 poker machines averaging in the region of $44.963 each

The Interactive Gambling Act (2001) was passed by the Australian Commonwealth Parliament on the twenty eighth of June 2001 and received assent on July the eleventh 2001. The Act is targeted at online gambling operators within the industry such as Sportsbet and the Act makes it an offence for them to offer ‘real-money’ online interactive gambling to residents of Australia. This Act also makes it illegal for the operators to advertise ‘real-money’ interactive gambling services such as online poker and online casinos to Australian citizens.

The general public can access and use the interactive services as it is not an offence and it is also allowed to companies which are based in Australia to offer services to any gamblers which are located outside of Australia (of course with the exception of those other countries that are called ‘designated countries.)

Interesting Facts

In 1994 the Caribbean nation of Antigua and Barbuda passed the Free Trade and Processing Act which then allowing licences to be granted to organisations applying to open online casinos. Online gambling is also known as internet gambling and iGambling. The first fully functional gambling software was developed by Microgaming and was secured with software developed by CryptoLogic which is an online security software company. Transactions between the general public and the casinos became viable in 1994 which led to the first online casino.

Regulation came to be in 1996 with the establishment of the Kahnawake Gaming Commission that regulated gaming activity online from the Mohawk Territory of Kahnawake issuing gaming licences to many of the the world’s online casinos and poker rooms. Regulation is put into place to attempt to keep the operations of licensed online gambling organisations fair, true and transparent.

It was in the late 1990’s that online gambling gained enormous popularity and in fact in 1998 gambling revenues had exceeded $830 million (it was in 1998 that the first online poker rooms were introduced.)

Information sourced from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Criminal Conspirators Wanted

Former Bodog Asia head Jan Robert Gustafsson, the head of a Philippine based criminal conspiracy has had an arrest warrant issued. Also there have been arrest warrants issued for his principal co-conspirators, Sylvia De Guzman and also Sherwin Quiambao. All three are now wanted on charges of qualified theft (in excess of US $160k) from the company where all of them had worked.

This theft is only one of the many charges brought against the three as others are already filed (or in the process of being filed) as the activities of the three carries on.

Issued on the twenty ninth of September (the presiding judge was Ronald B Moreno) in the regional Trial Court (Makati City) that the defendants are to be held without bail, as the trio of conspirators are considered to be serious flight risks, Gustafsson is also guilty of threatening violence against unhelpful bank executives and is considered a danger to society. It does appear however that Gustafsson is the only one of the three who actually remains in the Philippines, although he did flee in August but returned to Manila in early September after visiting London for a short period of time.

Gustafssons location is still unknown but there is a nationwide manhunt in progress and the immigration officials are also on high alert to make sure that Gustafsson does not attempt to leave the country again.

It is also reported that De Guzman seems to have used her influence in order to convince the local court clerks to take their time certifying the warrants which has given her enough time to leave the Philippines. The NBI (the National Bureau of Intelligence) which is the equivalent of the FBI have confirmed that Sylvia De Guzman flew to Singapore on October 1st. De Guzman has both Spanish and US citizenship which obviously makes these particular countries high on her destination list.

Sherwin Quiambao holds Canadian citizenship and left the Philippines on September 19th and is thought to be lying low in Hong-Kong or even Vancouver.

There has also been a separate warrant issued towards Edwin Rejano Erpe who is accused of stealing a vehicle which belonged to he former employer to help the Gustafsson gang’s actions, he is still thought to be in the Philippines.

Authorities are in the process of getting global INTERPOL ‘red’ notices to make sure that there is nowhere safe for the three conspirators and the gang’s other international associates, and anyone who has any knowledge of the whereabouts of any of the wanted individuals is urged to contact the relevant authorities.

The growing scandal of Jan Robert Gustafsson and his so-called Swedish Mafia which came to light last month involves Gustafsson and at least another 17 co-conspirators, many of whom are former employees of Bodog Asia (who reported to Gustafson) before he was dismissed by Bodog earlier in the year. The charge carries a minimum sentence of 14 years 8 months.

Besides Gustafson authorities are also interested in:
Patrik Selin
Sylvia Bernadette Gonzales De Guzman
Edwin Rejano Erpe
Sherwin Quiambao
Marlarno Monteras
Rosemarie Fergueroa Frialde
Dalmacio Mangonon Mendoza 111 Jr
Jocelyn Tan Tam
Mary Jane Buenafe de Guzman
Maria Arlene Aldaba (who was the former Bodog Asia CFO)
Mary Rose Suanino
Anthony B Arcillia
Karl Rosengren
Sukhjap(Robbie) Singh Grewal
Jennifer Delos Santos-Beloso (who was the former Bodog Asia legal counsel)
Olef Ohisseon
Lee Hon Seng.

Apparently the plans of the gang were broad, with an ambitious pattern of criminal activity formed by the group of co-conspirators.

(sourced from www.calvinayre.com )